A Short History Lesson

Dublin Core


A Short History Lesson


Here are some items from Madison County history. Religious organizations started as follows: Baptists (Tates Creek) 1783, Methodists (Proctor’s Chapel) 1790, Presbyterian (Silver Creek) 1790, Disciples of Christ (county) 1830, (Richmond) 1844, First Baptist Francis Street, 1844, Roman Catholics, 1858, and Episcopalian, 1871.

The oldest church building still extant was the former Episcopal Church on Lancaster Avenue and Water Street, now occupied by the Richmond Area Arts Center.

The first race track was replaced by the Richmond Cemetery. Another track was located off of present-day Race Street and there was a small track near Tates Creek Pike. The first hotel was John Miller’s Tavern on the corner of Main and First streets. An outdoor market existed on First Street alongside the county courthouse from 1810 until 1950. In 1919, the Richmond School Board leased the property of the Madison Female Institute (begun in 1858) and located the Madison High School there. This is now the location of the Madison Middle School.

Berea College began in 1855, Central University in 1874, Walters Collegiate Institute in 1901 and Eastern Normal School in 1906. Model High School opened a few months before Eastern did.

Several county villages owe their existence to being on a railroad line. These places are Valley View (Riney-B Railroad), Waco (Louisville and Atlantic Railroad), Paint Lick (L&N; Railroad) and Red House (L&N; Railroad). Of course, Berea and Richmond were both serviced by the L&N; (the Louisville and Nashville, now absorbed by CSX-Seaboard System Rail).

Earlier, stage coaches rattled along dusty or muddy county roads (many of them toll roads) and Richmond had a mule-drawn streetcar, connecting its two train stations with a main stop at the Glyndon Hotel. This historic hotel is now up for sale (streetcar stop not included).

This then is your short history lesson for today.


Dr. Fred Engle




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Dr. Fred Engle, “A Short History Lesson,” Madison's Heritage Online, accessed May 19, 2024, https://madisonsheritage.eku.edu/items/show/1845.