Boone Family Information

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Boone Family Information


Here are some bits of information on the Boone family and Fort Boonesborough.

Boone’s first fort at Fort Boonesborough was actually an unfortified small camp. There was a large mineral water spring called “Sycamore Hollow” nearby. The building of the large fort progressed slowly and it was not completely finished until just before the siege of 1778.

An original partner in the Transylvania Company, Nathaniel Hart, pulled out of the Boonesborough venture, went a few miles away and established White Oak Spring Station, which had its own fresh water spring. The attackers in the siege of Boonesborough were a band of the Shawnee tribe under Chief Black Fish and a French Canadian group of soldiers, led by British officers.

The largest enterprises at Boonesborough were the ferry across the Kentucky River and tobacco warehouse and inspection station. There was a post office. The largest population figure (some 68 individuals) comes from the 1910 census. Part of the original land was bought by Dr. Williams and a mineral water springs at Sycamore Hollow became a spa in the early 20th century.

Booneville in Owsley County was named for Daniel Boone, who camped at a spring near the current county courthouse. At one time, the settlement was called Boone’s Station. Boone County was formed out of Campbell County in 1798 and also was named for Daniel Boone.

Rebecca Bryan was born in 1739 near Winchester, Va. The family moved to the Yadkin River in North Carolina. Living in that river valley were the Boones. Rebecca married Daniel Boone on Aug. 14, 1756. She had 10 children — James, Israel, Susannah, Jemima, Levina, Rebecca, Daniel Morgan, Jesse Bryan, William and Nathan. James was killed by Indians not far from the Cumberland Gap. Jemima, along with the Callaway girls, was captured by Indians near Fort Boonesborough in July of 1776. The heroic story of their rescue has often been told. The Boone family moved to Missouri in 1799. Rebecca died March 18, 1813.

Squire Boone accompanied his older brother, Daniel, on many of his wilderness explorations and “long hunting” expeditions. Once, upon his return to Kentucky from gathering powder and supplies in North Carolina, he carved a message telling Daniel he was back in Madison County. This message, carved on a large rock, may now be viewed in the Madison County Courthouse lobby. Squire Boone was a Baptist minister and preached the first sermon in the Louisville area and on Aug. 7, 1776, he officiated at the first Christian marriage ceremony in Kentucky.

Squire Boone left Kentucky and at one time or another, lived in Mississippi, Louisiana, Florida and Missouri. In 1806, he moved to Boone Township in Indiana. He died in 1815 and was buried near Corydon in a cave. The Boone family lived in many places and experienced frontier life for good and for bad, but they are forever linked with Madison’s heritage.


Dr. Fred Engle




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Dr. Fred Engle, “Boone Family Information,” Madison's Heritage Online, accessed January 20, 2022,